The first time I went to the doctor in France, I embarrassed myself when I asked the doctor, “Are you the doctor?” not realizing how things were done here. In most cases, the doctor himself (or herself) will greet you in the waiting room instead of a nurse calling your name and checking your vitals while you wait for the doctor, and doctors here rarely wear the traditional white doctor robes we’re used to seeing in the US. Lesson learned!
Interested in a typical doctor’s visit in France or looking to prepare for one of your own? Don’t make the same mistakes I did when going to the doctor in France. Also, do you know how to say doctor in French?
Going to the doctor in France & how to say doctor in French
More or less, going to the doctor in France is the same as in the US. You make an appointment, you go see the doctor, he/she examines you, diagnoses you, gives you a prescription if necessary and you’re on your way. I said more or less the same. There are some nuances you might want to take note of if you’re going to the doctor in France.
Let’s take a look. First, how to see a doctor in France.
Making the appointment
When you’re interested in seeing a doctor in France, you call the cabinet medicale to make an appointment. You’ll talk to the receptionist who may or may not be in a good mood. Tell him or her, “Je voudrais prendre rendez-vous s’il vous plait” (I’d like to make an appointment please). Are you a new client? The wait might be atrocious if you’re not in dire need of a doctor.
Anyway, if there’s an appointment available in the near future, great, you’ve succeeded and can hang up. But in most cases, getting a same-day appointment in many areas (and forget getting an appointment this month or next if you want to see a specialist) is nearly impossible unless you know how to finesse your way in and/or get extremely lucky.
Now, don’t say you’re dying, but the French seem to make room for you if they can sympathize.
Go into detail about your problem and tell the secretary about your bad day. Fib a little if you have to. And be extra polite — that’s important! Anything to get them to make room for you. I’m not even joking.
This has worked on several occasions when I was first told the schedule was full for the week.
If you’re not in urgent need of an appointment, check out the website Doctolib where you can book an appointment via a few clicks and avoid the phone entirely. It’s super handy and more and more doctors are available on the site even in smaller cities. You can filter by specialty and even language(s) spoken.
If you’re curious about how to say doctor in French, it’s either le docteur or médecin. You’ll also hear la doctoresse, which is a female doctor.
Upon arriving at the doctor in France
Showing up early to your appointment in France is not necessary in most cases, and a few minutes late is fine because I’ve never met a doctor who was on time. Thirty minutes behind seems to be the norm and I’ve even waited 90 minutes past my appointment time for two specialists.
Normally you don’t fill out 10 papers for insurance/liability/new patient forms when going to the doctor in France like you would in the US, so don’t show up early for paperwork. The doc will get your info once you’re in his/her office.
Yes, yes, I know doctors all over the world run late and it’s not specific to France, but I have to say doctors here aren’t known for being on time. Except one guy who was a terrible doctor and it was crystal clear why I was able to get a same-day appointment for something minor.
The wait might be a little frustrating at first, but once you realize it’s how things are done, you’ll appreciate the power of a good book or smartphone app.
Why are doctors in France late? Because they actually take the time (in most cases) to thoroughly examine you and ask questions. But yes, I know, doctors anywhere tend to run late.
In the US, I’m so used to seeing the nurse first and then the doctor for all of five minutes and having them zip out as fast as they zipped in. Not so in France. I’ve sat with the doctor for 30-40 minutes just going over my history, symptoms and getting checked. Then another 10 minutes of them telling me about their trips to the USA!
If your doctor is late, don’t get mad. It’s just because he/she is doing the job right.
Also, doctors here don’t call you ahead to let you know if they are behind. They also don’t always call or email the day before to confirm your appointment (found that one out the hard way), so write it down in your calendar. Then write it somewhere else just in case.
Upon arrival, let the secretary know you’re there and if there’s no secretary, go to the salle d’attente (waiting room) for your particular doctor. In most cases, the door will be marked as such and in a practice with multiple doctors, again go to the waiting room for your particular doctor.
Greet everyone in there with a bonjour and then sit down. This is major. Do not just go and sit down. There are rules regarding politeness you have to follow. When you visit a GP, the doctor will personally come and call you when it’s your turn. There is no nurse visit to check your vitals or get your history first.
Sick in France? Differences between going to the doctor in the USA vs France >>
At the doctor’s appointment
When going to the doctor in France, you’ll be asked by the doctor to present your carte vitale (insurance card) and to pay (this is often done at the end). Don’t try to pay upfront like I did, figuring the doctor would appreciate my efforts to get the money part out of the way. I was used to paying my copays upfront and handing my insurance card over upon arrival.
Nope, it doesn’t work like that in France. He said to save the formalities for the end, so ever since then, I learned to not whip out my bank card until right before I leave.
If you don’t yet have your carte vitale, you’ll get a feuille de soins (health form/receipt) that you’ll submit to the securite sociale.
Once that’s out of the way, you’ll explain why you’re there and the doctor will fully examine you. In most cases, this is the first time the doctor will be hearing of the reason for your visit (secretary doesn’t always inform the doctor ahead of time) and like I said there’s no nurse who comes to see you in advance, so be thorough.
If there’s a need for a prescription, the information is entered into the computer, printed out and signed by the doctor. Then you get to go pick up all the fun little boxes at the pharmacy.
There is no verb in French for “filling” a prescription beacuse they grab you your medicine right there while you wait at the register. There are no long waits unless the pharmacy is really busy or they have to order your medicine or it’s a special preparation.
You don’t get a container with your name and address with the exact number of pills prescribed. No, not in France. Instead you get the entire box of medicine with handwritten instructions on the side of the box if necessary. It’s all very quaint and personalized. Being on a first-name basis with your pharmacist is very normal. Ours even knows Dagny’s name too!
A quick list of what NOT to do when going to the doctor in France (Admittedly, I’ve done all these things):
- Do not wait for a call to confirm your appointment beforehand. You’ll be waiting and waiting and your appointment will pass on by… I’m happy to report that my dentist does text the day before so some docs are figuring out a good system for preventing no-shows due to forgotten appointments. Also, see my tip above for Doctolib so you can book online (where available). They send reminders.
- Do not wait until the last minute to make a dermatologist, dentist or other specialist appointment. Unless you live in a major city (and even then it can still be problematic), it can take a little while for a doctor to have an opening. Example: I made a dentist appointment last week and since I’m a new client , the first opening is — hold on to your hats, folks — is 8 months away. No, I am not joking. No, there is no shortage of dentists in my town.
- Do not ignore the other people in the waiting room when you enter. A bonjour is pretty much required, so if you enter and go sit down without saying a word, it’s rude!
- My personal favorite: Do not ask the doctor if he/she is the doctor. No, they don’t wear a white coat or have a stethoscope around their necks to clue the clueless in. And yes, some doctors are young, wear necklaces and have shirts that aren’t buttoned all the way up. Just be cool because being a doctor in France sometimes mean you dress very un-doctor-like. Street clothes are the norm.
- When you get to the exam room/personal office (one in the same for every doctor I’ve been to), don’t get right to business if the doctor wants to chat. A little small talk is often a welcome change and unlike many experiences in the U.S., the doctor is NOT always in a rush even if they’re an hour behind and have a waiting room full of people. I usually get to the point out of respect for the other poor souls hacking their lungs out in the waiting room, but sometimes the docs like to chat. So humor him/her.
How to see a doctor in Paris or other big cities
Curious about seeing a doctor in France? If you are too unwell to physically go to the doctor’s office, there’s a service called SOS Médecins that makes house calls and operates in Paris and other major cities in France.
Just call 3624 from your phone. They are available 24/7 and are fantastic for after-hours non-emergency care or when you might have a stomach bug and can’t leave the toilet.
Keep in mind that SOS Médecins is not for super urgent matters that would be better suited for the ER.
4 Myths about the French healthcare system you need to stop believing!
How to see a doctor in France as a foreigner
If you’re are foreigner just visiting France and need to see a doctor, there’s no need to worry because you would pay the same price as a French resident. The difference is that you wouldn’t be reimbursed the same way a resident would since you aren’t paying into the healthcare system.
Still, the cost to see a doctor in France is a fraction of what you probably pay in the U.S. an might even be less than your insurance co-pay.
Just make an appointment like a French person would or ask your local pharmacy for their recommendation. It’s 25 euros for a medical visit with a general practitioner.
What has your experience been like with going to the doctor in France and the French healthcare system?
P.S. Check out this post on American medications and their French equivalents. You might also like this one too on culture shock foreigners experience at the doctor in France. And not all experiences are good ones.